Port is among the key elements in the logistics chain as they contribute not only to the economic development of the port city, but to the whole region making the role of ports increase both in Latvia and in European Union. Latvia has three major ports - Liepaja, Riga and Ventspils, as well as seven small ports - Skulte, Mersrags, Salacgriva, Pavilosta, Roja, Jurmala and Engure located along the entire Latvian sea border. Large ports mainly deal with the handling of transit cargo - about 80% of transit cargo transported through Latvia are reloaded there. Small ports are of local relevance. They are mainly engaged in timber and fishery product transportation and serve during the summer season also as yacht ports. Small ports currently assume a stable position in Latvian economy and they have developed as regional centers of economic activity.

Riga and Ventspils ports act as free economic zones. The Port of Liepaja is a part of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Taking into account the fact that there are large free land plots available in Latvian Free Ports and SEZ, they are actively working on various investment projects such as construction and development of industrial and distribution parks, attracting investments, creating higher added value through the development of production and increasing the range of offered services.

 Cargo turnover in Latvian ports in 2006-2016 (thsd.t)

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Cargo structure in ports in 2016 (%)

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 Cargo turnover in ports of Latvia 2007 - 2017



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